Customs and traditions
Persian cultural heritage and Islam
characterize customs and customs in Tajikistan.
Pre-Muslim practices that are often associated with
Zoroastrianism (Old Iranian religion) are also alive,
not least in the form of widespread belief in rock and
Many Tajiks use amulets and it is common to turn to
businessmen. Burning herbs is considered to keep away or
Overview of the capital city of Tajikistan, including information about its population, economy, geography, history and map.
Hospitality, humility and respect, especially for the
elderly, are regarded as fundamental values. The elderly
always get the place of honor. Everyone gets up when a
guest enters a room. In a greeting, when shaking hands,
it is good practice to put your left hand over the heart
and bow easily.
A man must never go into a house where there are only
women, and a girl must not be left alone with a boy. In
larger social contexts, it is common for women and men
to live separately. Even married couples should be
restrained with public tender certificates.
Eating on the floor
Some items should not be handed from one hand to
another, but placed on a table in between. This includes
scissors, needles and keys. Standing in a doorway is
considered to make you fall into debt.
When guests come to visit a Tajik home, a tablecloth
- a dasturkhan - is laid out on the floor or on
a low table. You sit on cushions or pillows on the
floor. Honorary guests are placed furthest from the
The national dish is osh, or
palav (plow), a rice dish with meat,
carrots and onions that is fried in a lot of oil in a
pot. Other vegetables may also be included. In the
countryside, the dish is still sometimes cooked over an
open fire and eaten from a common dish, with its hands.
As an appetizer or accessory, you often eat small
salads, in addition to the fatty rice dish. Lamb and
mutton are very common, while pork is not present. Soup,
sometimes with noodles, is ordinary food.
Important to be well dressed
For the food, flat bread, similar to Indian naan
bread, is always served. A Tajik who has no bread says
he has no food. According to tradition, bread must not
lie up and down, because it means bad luck. Also,
nothing may be placed on top of the bread, except more
bread. Bread crumbs are collected and handled
Green tea is the most common drink and tea houses are
common gathering places. Tea should be served to the
host first, which flavors the tea to show that it is
harmless to drink. Alcohol is not allowed according to
Islam, but quite common nonetheless.
For Tajik, it is important to be well-dressed, no
matter what style. Western clothing is common, not least
in the cities. However, one should avoid acting too
undressed. Many schoolchildren wear school uniforms.
Above all, older men often dress in kaftan and turban or
traditional hat. Women have wide skirts. In recent
years, among women, it has become more common with a
Muslim veil, even the traditional paranoia that
is reminiscent of a burka. The government that wants to
curb Islamization has banned the use of comprehensive
veils in, among other schools, and has called for the
use of "national attire" instead of imported "Islamic"
Traditions and holidays
The biggest celebration is the Persian New Year,
nouruz, which is celebrated for several days during
the spring equinox in March. In connection with nouruz,
sumalak (or samanu) is prepared,
a special dessert made on wheat germs. Sometimes only
women gather in a special ceremony as they read poems,
sing and dance.
At nouruz, as well as at other festivals and
festivals, sports competitions and performances are
common. Wrestling - gushtigiri - is a national
sport. Another is buzkashi when you
pull a goat (without a head) from other horses that
other participants try to take.
There are laws relating to traditions and rituals and
they also regulate private events. In 2010, the
authorities decided that wedding parties may have a
maximum of 300 guests. The aim is to prevent people from
spending too much money at parties. According to
President Rahmon, some people are otherwise ruined
because of social pressure on parties with up to 1,000
participants. By law, the authorities have the
opportunity to exercise control over both the practice
of religion and the larger public.
Two Muslim feasts are observed: idi ramazon
(in Arabic id al-fitr), which is the feast that
ends the fasting month of ramadan, and the sacrificial
feast of idi qurbon (id al-adha). They
fall on different dates as they follow the lunar
Furthermore, a number of non-religious holidays are
celebrated: New Year, January 1, International Women's
Day, March 8, Labor Day, May 1, Victory Day (after World
War II), May 9, National Unity Day June 27, Independence
Day September 9, and Constitution Day November 6.
Borrowed money is repaid to the IMF
The head of the central bank announces that Tajikistan will repay $ 47
million to the International Monetary Fund (IMF) after it was discovered that
the country received loans based on false information about its finances.
Famine during cold winter
Severe lack of food and electricity contributes to famine and difficult
conditions, not least in isolated mountain regions. Food prices have risen
steeply and winter is extremely cold.