Customs and traditions
The Mongolian identity is strongly influenced
by the historical liver of the population as nomads. In
the outer areas of the cities, the nomadic traditional
gifts, round tents made of wood and blankets, often
spread. Likewise, many traditions and customs are based
on the heyday of Dijngi khan and the vast distance of
the sparsely populated country. A guest is normally a
person who has traveled a long way and is in need of
both food and roof over his head.
The usual thing is to take care when greeting. People
who are a little closer, like family and friends, hug.
Younger Mongols greet with an informal sainu
(hello). When they greet older people, or older
people who greet each other, is the more formal
sain baina u usually used ?
When you say goodbye, you also take in hand.
Overview of the capital city of Mongolia, including information about its population, economy, geography, history and map.
Mongols look each other straight in the eye as they
talk to each other. If you point, you do it with your
Everyday, most Mongols dress up as Westerners.
However, the traditional, richly embroidered and
colorful costume part, a long suit made of
silk, is owned by each man and woman.
The usual thing is that a family eats three meals a
day. Dinner is usually served after six o'clock in the
evening. The food culture is influenced by the large
supply of sheep and goats in the country. Meat and milk
products are basic foods. The food is usually simple and
free from stronger spices. Meat-stuffed dumplings, fried
meat pies and mutton soup are everyday foods, as are
large amounts of milk, preferably mixed with salt and
some butter. When guests come to visit, one of the
herd's largest animals may be slaughtered. There is
rarely a lack of vodka at solemn dinners.
Traditions and holidays
Most important is the traditional Mongolian midsummer
celebration naadam (“Three games for
men) which falls on July 11-13. The festival has over
2,300 years on its neck. Every day you compete in one of
the three sports wrestling, archery and horse racing.
The competitions are surrounded by several traditions
with many ceremonial and some religious elements. The
horse races are different from the other two branches to
the extent that the competitors are children between 7
and 12 years old.
Formally, the autonomy that Mongolia regained in
1921, after the occupation of China the year before, is
officially noted. Independence is also celebrated on
November 26, in memory of Mongolia becoming an
independent monarchy during the Living Buddha in 1911
(see Ancient History).
The Mongolian lunar calendar's New Year
tsagaan sar ("White Moon") is celebrated in
January or February. The weekend falls two months after
the first new moon after the winter solstice.
Preparations for the festivities are a long time in
advance. On the very day, the family dresses up in
traditional clothing and meets at home to eat and drink
together. During the day, the very formal greeting
phrase amar mend uu is generally used?
or amar bain uu? which is normally used
to greet a family's oldest head. During the celebration
it is also competed in horse racing. The celebration is
said to stem from as long as the Bronze Age.
The New Year's Day, January 1, is also a holiday, as
is the International Women's Day on March 8 and
Children's and Mothers Day on June 1.
MPRP threatens to drop out
MPRP threatens to leave government coalition in protest against Enchbajar's
Enchbajar is sentenced to prison
Nambaryn Enchbajar is sentenced to four years in prison for corruption.
DP wins the election
At the parliamentary elections, the voting bill will drag out over time, but
in the end it is clear that DP has received 31 seats and MPP 25. DP will
eventually form a government together with the Justice Coalition (see Current
Policy). The Prime Minister will be Norovyn Altanchujag.
Enchbajar is prosecuted
Enchbajar is facing charges of corruption and abuse of power. Enchbajar
claims that the prosecution is politically motivated.
New law on foreign ownership
Parliament adopts a new law that limits foreign ownership of "strategic
industries" for the country to 49 percent of the shares.
Coal extraction is put on ice
The agreement with foreign energy companies on the exploitation of the Tavan
Tolgoj deposit is on ice.
Enchbajar is arrested for corruption
Former President Nambaryn Enchbajar is arrested for corruption. He is
released on bail after a hunger strike.
New law on the death penalty
Parliament votes on a law that restricts the use of capital punishment.
The Democratic Party leaves cooperation
The Democratic Party (DP) is leaving government cooperation with the
Mongolian People's Party (MPP) to prepare for the June parliamentary elections.