Customs and traditions
The ethnic Kazakhs were formerly a nomadic
people and many of their customs and customs relate to
nomadic life. Muslim symbols also have an important
place. Other ethnic groups in the country have their own
traditions. The Russian people follow customs that are
common in Russia. This chapter primarily describes the
culture of the Ethiopians.
The horse is still a central symbol of Kazakh culture
and plays an important role in poetry. The word "kazak"
is said to mean "free and independent nomad". Kazakhs
like to ride and often own horses. Riding is still the
best way to get to the pathless sections of the steppe.
Horse meat was and is a party food in the countryside.
There are also horse races and rider games in the
traditional style to celebrate different events.
Overview of the capital city of Kazakhstan, including information about its population, economy, geography, history and map.
Another important symbol is the herb, the
traditional tent. The herb is no longer used as a home
anymore, but is often used as a decoration of public
premises. A yurt can easily be packed - it says a Kazakh
woman takes half an hour - and moved on a horse or
Kazakhstan has a tradition of word games, and poets (akyn)
often improvise in competitions (aity),
accompanied by string instruments such as dumb
or kobyz (see also Culture).
Know and label
Kazakhs usually greet by shaking hands, at least if
they are two people of the same sex. As Muslims, some
men do not want to shake hands with a woman. The
handshake is often done with both hands and a smile, and
with eye contact. People who know each other well and
are of the same sex can greet with a hug.
In a business context it is important to dress
properly, as if you are invited to someone's home.
Overly informal attire can be perceived as nonchalant.
Meals and upholstery
Kazakhs traditionally like to offer tea and bread as
soon as the opportunity arises. The bread is considered
sacred and served as a sign of respect. The tea cup is
often half full: a full cup is considered to mean that
the host wants you to give up.
At a dinner party, the table is not too formal. You
eat with the fork in the left hand and the knife in the
right, just like in Sweden. When you are satisfied, you
should leave some food on the plate, otherwise you are
assumed to want more. If alcohol is present, it is
common with frequent scolding.
In the countryside, meals may be consumed sitting on
the floor. Tradition invites a guest to sit down at
dastarkhan, a low table, in the herb.
A traditional men's costume is a chapan, a
richly embroidered velvet scarf worn with a waist belt.
The woman has a white dress in cotton or silk, a velvet
vest with embroidery and a silk scarf or cap on her
Holidays and Holidays
An important holiday is nauroz (or
nauryz), the New Year's celebration that is
celebrated in much of western and central Asia. In
Kazakhstan, the Nauroz celebration culminates in the
spring equinox in March. You gather in herbs and eat
kozhe, a dish prepared with seven ingredients. The
ingredients may vary, but they should symbolize seven
May 1 is celebrated as the solidarity day of the
Kazakh people while on May 7 is a holiday celebrating
the defense of the homeland. In addition, the victory
day in World War II is celebrated on May 9.
The capital's day on July 6 is celebrated in memory
of when Astana (renamed Nursultan) in 2019 became the
capital in 1994. Furthermore, Constitution Day is
celebrated on August 30 (in memory of when the
Constitution was adopted in 1995), President's Day on
December 1 (after the first presidential election was
held in 1991) and Independence Day on December 16 (after
the independence of the Soviet Union in 1991).
The Muslim sacrificial holiday id al-adha - which in
Kazakhstan is called kurban ait - is celebrated
on different dates as Islam follows the lunar calendar.
Other holidays are New Year's Day on January 1st,
Russian Orthodox Christmas January 7th and International
Women's Day on March 8th.
Calls for the President to remain in office until 2020;
Parliament decides to extend President Nazarbayev's term of office to 2020,
subject to the approval of the amendment in a referendum. However, the
Constitutional Court finds that such an amendment is contrary to the
Ex-Soviet Customs Union comes into force
A customs union between Kazakhstan, Russia and Belarus comes into force.
Russia, in particular, has the ambition to expand the Union with as many former
Soviet republics as possible.
More power to the president
Parliament adopts a law that extends the president's power and guarantees him
prosecutorial immunity. He is also given the honorary title "the nation's
The president's son-in-law may be criticized
A court is tearing up a previous ban on the country's media to publish
criticism of President Nazarbayev's son-in-law Timur Kulibayev, one of the
country's richest men with a number of top posts in business, not least
government big companies.
Kazakhstan leads the OSCE
As the first former Soviet state, Kazakhstan becomes the chair of the OSCE
for a year. This is despite the OSCE's criticism of the 2007 elections and
international attention in general to human rights violations in the country.