Customs and traditions
Armenians are often very direct in their
behavior. Going straight to the point even in relatively
sensitive conversation topics is not intended to
embarrass anyone, it just is not considered meaningful
to walk like the cat around hot porridge. Conversations
are also usually conducted at a much closer distance
between the people than a Swede is used to.
When two men greet each other, the handshake is often
followed by a cheek kiss if they are close
acquaintances, while women usually give each other a hug
and a cheek kiss. When a woman and a man meet, the man
is expected to be the one who initiates a handshake.
This is especially true in rural areas.
Overview of the capital city of Armenia, including information about its population, economy, geography, history and map.
There is generally a big difference between the major
cities and the Armenian countryside in terms of
attitudes and behaviors. This can be anything from the
fact that urban dwellers are more connected to each
other during the conversations, to the fact that women
in the cities are considerably more free in job choices
and attire. Traditionally, and still in the countryside,
a married woman is expected to stay home and take care
of children and households. For example, if she has been
sporting before, she ends up with it when she gets
married. Yerevan no longer has such rules. A foreign
woman visiting the Armenian countryside should remember
that she makes a bad impression if she smokes in public,
wears tight clothes or a short skirt.
In a more formal context, it is important to be cared
for. Armenian women in the cities usually attach great
importance to their clothing.
In modern Armenian working life, the principle of
equal pay applies to equal work, but women are to a
large extent in poorly paid jobs. On average, a woman
has about two-thirds of a man's salary. Nearly
two-thirds of those registered as unemployed are women.
Political life in Armenia is also strongly male
Meetings and dinner invitations rarely start exactly
on time. Coming half an hour late for a dinner is not
considered foolproof. Even if a meeting is to start "in
five minutes" it can, in the worst case, take several
hours before it starts.
Armenian food culture revolves around grilled meat.
Dinner parties often apply to barbecue parties. Bringing
your own wine is considered normal, but is not
necessary. A chocolate box or a flower bouquet is
usually enough as a gift to the host. Wrapped presents
are rarely opened directly before the eyes of the donor
Leaving leftovers on the plate at a dinner party
isn't really a good idea.
The most basic basic food is bread and salt, which
over time has become so deeply symbolic that
"friendship" is often defined by who you share bread and
salt with. The diplomatic protocol also stipulates that
foreign guests are welcomed with bread and salt.
The pomegranate is considered the national fruit and
also has a symbolic link to fertility. Overall, a lot of
fruits and nuts are used in Armenian cooking. There are
also plenty of dishes that are based on vegetables being
filled with or wrapped around rice or minced meat, such
as vine leaves, white cabbage, mangold, eggplant,
Meat and fish pots often contain different kinds of
beans and thick sauces, not often based on tomatoes or
yogurt. The seasoning is usually quite mild.
Most desserts are also based on fruits and nuts.
Armenia produces many kinds of mineral water and
beer. The wines often have some sweetness, and there are
several kinds of fruit wines, made on, for example,
pomegranates or apricots. Armenian brandy has a good
reputation and is also an export product.
Holidays and Holidays
Most weekends in Armenia are devoted to important
events in the country's modern history. A special
occasion commemorates the commemoration of the genocide
in the Ottoman Empire, which is celebrated by Armenians
around the world on April 24. In Yerevan, hundreds of
thousands of people usually go to the
Tsitsernakaberd monument, where they lay flowers at
an eternal flame. On April 24, 1915, hundreds of
Armenian intellectuals were expelled from Istanbul, for
later execution. The deportations became the starting
point for the deportations and mass murders that began
later that year in the Armenian areas of eastern Turkey
and which continued into the 1920s.
On May 9, Victory and Peace Day, dedicated
to both the Soviet victory of the Second World War and
the entry of Armenian soldiers into the city of Shushi (Şuşa
in Azerbaijani Turkish) in Nagorno-Karabach 1992, was a
crucial event in the war over the Armenian enclave in
On Republic Day, May 28, the establishment
of the first - short-lived - Armenian Republic is
celebrated in 1918. On December 7, Armenians remember
the victims of the 1988 earthquake, when the small town
of Spitak was wiped out and at least 25,000 people lost
their lives in a large area in the northwest of the
Less solemn and emotionally charged are
every-thing, even spelled goods, "the
water day" on the 14th Sunday after Easter, when it
is free for everyone to spray water on anyone who comes
nearby. Since each of them falls in the middle of
summer, the sudden showers - even the unpleasant little
water poured over your head from a balcony - are a
welcome welcome to cool off in the heat. Each of these
can be traced back to pre-Christian times, when it was a
harvest festival dedicated to the goddess of water and
Many of Armenia's road and rail links with
foreign countries previously passed through Azerbaijan,
but they have been cut since 1989. Armenia's isolation
increased further when Turkey joined the blockade in
The most important road connection today is the
Kadjaran road between Armenia and Iran. In Armenia, too,
traffic and transport are mainly on the country's roads,
even though the road network is poorly maintained. There
are plans to, in collaboration with Georgia, build a
highway in the north-south direction.
The railways are age-old, but there are routes to
Iran and Georgia. An international airport is located
outside the capital Yerevan. The Lincy Foundation, a
private relief organization run by Armenians in the
United States, has helped improve communications,
especially around Yerevan.
The self-proclaimed Republic of Nagorno-Karabakh
inside Azerbaijan has been maintaining a land link with
Armenia over Azerbaijan since 1992 with the help of the
Armenian Army - the one-mile wide so-called Latin
corridor. Within this, a road has been built where goods
are transported to and from Nagorno-Karabach by truck.
The road construction was largely financed with
donations from Armenians living in the United States.